Archives: Country of Origin

Subscribe to Country of Origin RSS Feed

Bipartisan Legislation Aims To Strengthen “Buy American” Requirement Under National School Lunch Program

[A modified version of this blog post was published in Law360.] Last month, Senators Dan Sullivan (R-AK) and Maria Cantwell (D-WA) introduced legislation to “improve the requirement to purchase domestic commodities or products” under the National School Lunch Program (the “NSLP”) and the School Breakfast Program (the “SPB”).  Even if this legislation fails to make … Continue Reading

Alleged TAA Non-Compliance Is Not “Material” Under The False Claims Act, Federal Court Holds

Contractors that must comply with the government’s domestic preference laws should take note of United States ex rel. Folliard v. Comstor Corp., __ F. Supp. 3d __, 2018 WL 1567620 (D.D.C. 2018) — a recent decision dismissing a country-of-origin fraud lawsuit initiated by serial relator Brady Folliard.… Continue Reading

Key Takeaways From The “New York Buy American Act” And Beyond

[This article was originally published in Law360 and has been modified for the blog.] This was not an April Fools’ Day joke: The New York Buy American Act (“NY BAA”) went into effect on April 1, 2018. Signed by Governor Andrew M. Cuomo in December 2017 and championed by state legislators on both sides of … Continue Reading

The Long-Standing TAA “Substantial Transformation” Standard for Drug Products is Challenged at the Court of International Trade

A generic pharmaceutical distributor, Acetris Health, LLC, has challenged the Final Determination of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“Customs”) that Acetris’ generic prescription drug, Rosuvastatin Calcium Tablets (“Rosuvastatin”), is a product of India, the place where the active pharmaceutical ingredient (“API”) is produced.  If successful, the challenge in the U.S. Court of International Trade (“CIT”) … Continue Reading

Key Takeaways from Bipartisan Bill to “Strengthen Buy American Requirements”

Following recent efforts by Democrats to push for “Buy American” action, on January 9, 2018, Senator Chris Murphy (D-CT) proudly announced via Twitter that there now is “bipartisan support for strengthening our Buy American laws” and that he is “excited to have the Trump admin[istration] and partners like [Senators Rob Portman (R-OH), Lindsey Graham (R-SC) … Continue Reading

Senate Democrats Continue Efforts to Strengthen “Buy American” Requirements

Over the last few months, various Senate Democrats have pushed to strengthen “Buy American” requirements applicable to Federal Government procurements. This month is no different. On December 6, 2017, Senator Chris Murphy (D-CT) reintroduced the 21st Century Buy American Act (S.2196), which aims to “strengthen existing Buy American standards to ensure that the U.S. government … Continue Reading

Senate Democrats Notch a “Buy American” Victory

As we reported late last month, one-third of the Senate Democratic caucus doubled down on efforts to keep “Buy American” protections intact for certain defense items. Now Senate Democrats are declaring a “Buy American” victory as the FY 2018 NDAA conference report revealed that some of these protections will remain.… Continue Reading

Senate Democrats Double Down on “Buy American”

As we reported last month, four Senate Democrats published an article about “strengthen[ing]” the U.S. Government’s “Buy American policies” through certain proposed amendments to the FY 2018 National Defense Authorization Act (“NDAA”). Although most of the proposed “Buy American” amendments were left out of the version of the bill that was sent to conference, 16 Senate Democrats … Continue Reading

Senate Democrats Look to Strengthen “Buy American” Policies and Requirements

Last week a group of four Senate Democrats – led by Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) – jointly published an article about “strengthen[ing]” the U.S. Government’s “Buy American policies.” While the senators acknowledged President Trump’s recent efforts to “re-examine the use of . . . Buy American waivers” (see our blog post regarding the “Buy … Continue Reading

Key Takeaways from Trump Administration Memo on Buy American Laws

[This article also was published in Law360.] On June 30, 2017, Commerce Secretary Ross and OMB Director Mulvaney issued a Memorandum to Federal agencies regarding the “assessment and enforcement of domestic preferences in accordance with Buy American Laws,” which includes the Buy American Act (“BAA”). Although the Memorandum purports to provide guidance to help agencies … Continue Reading

The Perils of Bad Recordkeeping: A Lack of Country of Origin Documentation Results in Adverse Inference of Non-Compliance with the Trade Agreements Act

In a recent False Claims Act (“FCA”) case, United States ex rel. Louis Scutellaro v. Capitol Supply, Inc., the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia held that the defendant’s failure to retain Country of Origin (“COO”) documentation for the products it sold to the government entitled the relator and the government to an … Continue Reading

Key Takeaways From President Trump’s “Buy American” Executive Order

[This article was originally published in Law360.] President Trump took a significant step this week towards implementing his often touted objective of protecting U.S. manufacturers and workers by signing the “Presidential Executive Order on Buy American and Hire American” (the “EO”) on April 18, 2017.  In addition to addressing reforms to the H1-B visa program … Continue Reading

Common Sense Prevails: “Tougher” To Satisfy Rule 9(b) Standard in “Implied Certification” FCA Case Arising from GSA Schedule Contractors’ Alleged TAA Non-Compliance

A U.S. District Court recently dismissed a False Claims Act (FCA) qui tam action alleging that numerous GSA Schedule contractors violated their obligations under the Trade Agreements Act (TAA), resulting in the submission of false claims under the “implied certification” theory of FCA liability.  As discussed further below, the court’s decision — United States ex rel. Berkowitz … Continue Reading

President Trump’s First Address to Congress Foreshadows Increased Buy American Act Enforcement

On February 28, 2017, President Donald J. Trump addressed a joint session of Congress for the first time and outlined his plan for a “new chapter of American Greatness.”  That plan included continued emphasis on protecting United States labor and manufacturing, and can be summarized in a few words often repeated by President Trump: “Buy … Continue Reading

Strict DoD Sourcing Requirements for PV Devices

As part of an ongoing Department of Defense (“DoD”) effort to increase its energy efficiency,  late last month the U.S. Army committed to develop its largest renewable energy project to date — a 65MW  wind and solar  project at Fort Hood.  This ambitious project will need to comply with the latest DoD rules regarding sourcing … Continue Reading

New Zealand to Join WTO Government Procurement Agreement, Will Become a “Designated Country” Under the TAA

Effective August 12, 2015, New Zealand will become the 45th country to join the World Trade Organization’s (“WTO”) Government Procurement Agreement (“GPA”).  As we have previously discussed, this plurilateral agreement promotes open, fair, and transparent competition in the government procurement markets of participating countries.  Importantly, the GPA requires member countries to treat suppliers of goods … Continue Reading

DoD Moves Forward with Stricter Sourcing Requirements for PV Devices

Earlier this week, the Department of Defense (“DoD”) issued a proposed rule to revise (and make stricter) the unique sourcing requirements applicable to certain photovoltaic devices that are used in the performance of DoD contracts.  Specifically, unless an exception under the Trade Agreements Act applies or a contractor secures a waiver based on public interest … Continue Reading

Downloading An Operating System Does Not Substantially Transform Laptops for Purposes of U.S. Government Procurement

On March 16, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) issued a final country of origin determination that will be of interest to the consumer electronics device industry generally.  CBP ruled that under four different scenarios involving the manufacture and assembly of laptops abroad, downloading an operating system was not enough to change the computers’ country … Continue Reading
LexBlog