On March 13, the President declared a national emergency in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Doing so activated the authorities available to the President under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 5121-5207 (the “Stafford Act”) to provide federal assistance to state and local governments responding to the emergency, including financial assistance.
The federal assistance is coordinated and provided through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (“FEMA”) under the National Response Framework. Although the Stafford Act generally does not make funding directly available to private businesses, a large portion of the nearly $50 billion that the President said will be available to FEMA may be used to procure goods and services from contractors assisting the relief effort.